The Relationship Between the State and the Civil Society: Dynamics of Islamic Women’s Movements in Germany

Wazni .

Abstract


Germany has a relationship of “respectful non-identification” by the Federal State with religious communities. It means neutral state but is open to formalized/legalized cooperation which is known as “a limping division system”, whereas religious communities have rights towards political involvement, taxation and religious education. One of future task “German” is active political and social engagement of empowered Muslim citizens. Muslim political participation progress faster under some form of Muslim identity. Muslim organisations were developing their experiences and networks, strengthening their abilities to participate in and have an impact on their environment. Many of Muslim organisations had grown out of movements and organisations with long experience in the countries of origin. They gradually metamorphosed under the impact of their new environments and to meet the demand of German constitution. The relationship between the political and religious field is currently being re-negotiated. Legislators and administration have to cope with a stable and determined group of Muslims as part of German society. This research has attempted to know about the relationship between the state and the civil society, especially how dynamics of Islamic women’s movements. However, researcher intends to try for understanding issue about Islamic women’s interest which women have a special position on Islamic view. This study has used qualitative method and grasped Muslim women in three Islamic movements namely, DITIB, IGMG and MJD. Government and state could demonstrate more inclusion, and not exclusion, of the Muslim population. Because national integration is pivotal for a state, engagement with Muslim communities would help.


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